故事的主题是什么？Definitions and Examples
故事的主题可以像“爱”或“孤独”一样广泛（主题concept) or as specific as the idea that “greed is the greatest force in human culture” or “human behavior is the product of upbringing and experience” (both of which are thematicstatements, because they express an opinion about the main theme).
作为作家，保持意识到故事的主题是有帮助的，以便您可以配备指南针，向您展示故事中重要的内容。这将指导您创建吸引读者并加深故事意义的时刻 - 因此，让我们看看为什么主题很重要，以及如何分辨故事的主题是什么。
Themes make specific stories universal
All stories are about the human condition. Characters are bound by common universal truths of humanity.
Sayaka Murata’sConvenience Store Woman起初可能不会看起来像一个完全用book. Its protagonist is someone who grounds her entire identity and purpose in being a convenience store worker — to the point where she wishes society accepted that as her ultimate aspiration and stopped pressuring her to date and get married.
虽然日本村田公司的故事是独特的,中央相依lict of her story (individual vs. society) is universal. It should resonate with most readers, making them more invested in the protagonist’s struggles, even if they don't share her specific experiences.
作者can tackle complex ideas through narrative
有时，一本书的主题将采用一个假设的形式，其中故事呈现为“假设”实验。在这里，作者有机会使用人物as imagined case studies of human behavior, examining, for example, how different people react to the same events.
William Golding’s苍蝇之王takes human morality as its central theme. It focuses on a group of boys stranded on an island and forced to fend for themselves. The children soon create their own micro-society on an island, with power structures, internal politics, and, eventually, violence. In short, the novel's thematic statement — its hypothesis — might be “If isolated from society, human beings would not act ‘morally’ anymore.”
通过展示每个角色的经历和对事件的略有不同的看法，戈尔丁探讨了“道德”的复杂程度 - 与他的角色渴望与自己的行为感相符的愿望对比。这样，道德的复杂性就成为了本书的组织力量，这是一个中心的来源tensionthat propels the story forward.
A theme can organize and unite separate narrative strands
并非所有书籍都非常关注单个角色或任务。许多小说和选集都包含多个看似无关的叙述或points of viewunited only by common themes.
James Joyce'sDublinersis made up of fifteen short stories, each set in the Irish capital in the early 20th century. His characters are all, in some way, touch by a sense of social paralysis or futility — something that readers have taken to be representative of Joyce's view on Ireland at the time. And as we meet more of these characters — the schoolboy obsessed with his friend's sister, the unfulfilled poet who's jealous of his old classmate, the bank teller who spurns the chaste affections of a married woman — this sense of stagnation and dread only grows.
Much like a music album will have a central concept that elevates it above being the sum of its parts, so too can themes connect disparate story strands in meaningful, insightful ways.
It can be hard to pin down what a story’s theme is, but if you're up to the task, here's a quiz to test your theme-detecting skills with! ️
Test your theme-detecting skills!
我们希望我们向您展示了必不可少的故事主题。它们不仅仅是一个有趣的技巧 - 没有故事，故事根本就不一样了。